The Science Behind Pyrex Glass Tubes

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The Pyrex glass tube was officially manufactured by The Corning Glass Works Company. This is a form of borosilicate glass. The glass is beautifully manufactured by heating essential raw materials like boric oxide and silica sand. These materials are heated to very high temperatures. This is how the durable of Pyrex glass tubes is increased. Indeed, you can use Pyrex glass for a very long period of time. Once boric oxide and silica sand are melted, you can use the solution to process and prepare a variety of glassware. History reveals that the world’s first Pyrex was formulated in the 12th century. And, it because famous due to its characteristic properties.

Pyrex glass tubes are highly chemical and heat resistant. This makes them ideal for a wide range of applications.

Understanding how the Pyrex glass tube works

If you wish to understand the qualities and the behavior of the Pyrex glass tube, you must be aware of what glass is. The unique nature of glass is truly interesting.

By definition, glass is a separate state of matter that shares the qualities of liquid and crystalline solids. If you observe glass at the macroscopic level, you will believe that it looks like conventional solid. At the macroscopic level, glass is extremely rigid and it stays in a single piece. Even as you remove it from the container, glass appears to be a single unit that is strong like solid. However, if you look at the glass at the molecular level, things appear different. You will believe that glass has many qualities of the liquid. The glass molecules are arranged randomly. Crystalline solids have an ordered structure. The random arrangement of molecules makes glass a solid and a liquid!

How is conventional glass prepared?

The preparation of glass is rather fascinating. If you browse through you will realize that glass come in different shapes, sizes and uses. However, all of them are prepared using similar methods.

The glass is prepared by heating many crystalline compounds. The temperature gets high enough to melt the crystalline compounds. In few minutes, the ordered molecular structure begins to break and melt. Now, you are left with molecules in a disordered state. Next, would be the cooling phase. Cooling is required to lock glass molecules in a fixed position. This is stage is important because the locked molecules need to be reformed into a specific crystalline structure. This is how glass develops qualities of clarity, hardness, and bitterness. The thermal resistance and chemical resistance of glass depend on the chemical composition.

When compared to other glasses, the Pyrex glass tube has a unique composition that increases its resistance.

The dawn of Pyrex glass tubes

When scientists developed the Pyrex glass tube, they wanted a glass composition that can handle heat and chemicals easily. This is why boron was introduced into the mixture. Boron can be heated to extreme temperatures without destroying the tube. That is because boron has the ability to build different types of chemical bonds.