Endocrine surgery classifies a group of surgeries performed on the thyroid glands and other parts that make up the endocrine system. Unfortunately for patients, diseases and conditions that affect the endocrine system may affect the heart and other major organs. Symptoms of conditions are severe enough to interfere with daily life. In some cases, the condition causing the issue stems from a cancerous tumor or a serious disease. However, with the proper care and a skilled surgeon, you can recover.
Parts of the Endocrine System
The endocrine system consists of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands and pancreas. The thyroid is a gland located in the front of the neck and is responsible for controlling your metabolism and producing thyroid hormones. The parathyroid glands are small glands that control calcium metabolism via the release of parathyroid hormone. The pancreas creates digestive enzymes and has cells that make hormones. The pancreas is located in the middle of the abdomen. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys and produce adrenaline to help the body cope with stress. These glands also regulate metabolism and other functions in the body.
Endocrine Surgeries We Perform
At our facility, we perform incisional biopsies. This is a minimally invasive procedure that consists of a surgeon removing a portion of the part of the endocrine system that could harbor cancer. The surgeon will analyze the sample. If cancer is found, the surgeon will schedule a surgery to remove the tumor, nodule or entire gland or organ.
Our surgeons perform surgeries throughout the endocrine system on both cancerous and noncancerous tumors. A surgeon will perform surgery to remove both benign or cancerous nodules as well. Nodules are growths that form and could possibly be the result of cancer. Nodules that aren’t cancerous may be large enough to interfere with breathing and swallowing, which is why they may need to be removed, even if they aren’t cancerous.
We conduct surgeries on the thyroid gland such as a lobectomy, a total thyroidectomy or a subtotal thyroidectomy. A subtotal thyroidectomy consists of a surgeon removing one lobe, a portion of the other lobe and the tissue that connects the lobes. Generally, this procedure is only used if you have hyperthyroidism as a result of Grave’s disease. A thyroid lobectomy is comprised of a surgeon removing one lobe. In some cases, the band of tissue that joins the two lobes may be removed as well. Sometimes, a total thyroidectomy is necessary. This surgery consists of a surgeon removing the entire gland in addition to the surrounding lymph nodes.
Surgery may be recommended if you have hyperthyroidism, but only if your condition hasn’t responded to radioactive iodine or medications or you aren’t able to tolerate them. Another endocrine surgery we perform is a parathyroidectomy, which is used for primary hyperthyroidism. We perform adrenal gland removal surgery as well.